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Advances in High Energy Physics publishes the results of theoretical and experimental research on the nature of, and interaction between, energy and matter.
Chief Editor, Professor Seidel, is a professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of New Mexico. She is a collaborator on the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, researching high-energy collider physics.
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Anisotropic Behavior of S-Wave and P-Wave States of Heavy Quarkonia at Finite Magnetic Field
We studied the effect of momentum space anisotropy on heavy quarkonium states using an extended magnetized effective fugacity quasiparticle model (EQPM). Both the real and imaginary part of the potential has been modified through the dielectric function by including the anisotropic parameter . The real part of the medium-modified potential becomes more attractive in the presence of the anisotropy and constant magnetic field. The binding energy of the 1S, 2S, and 1P quarkonium states including anisotropy effects for both the oblate and the isotropic case were studied. We find that the binding energy of states becomes stronger in the presence of anisotropy. However, the magnetic field is found to reduce the binding energy. The thermal width of the charmonium and bottomonium states has been studied at constant magnetic field for isotropic and prolate cases. The effect of magnetic field on the mass spectra of the 1P state for the oblate case was also examined. The dissociation temperature for the 1S, 2S, and 1P states of charmonium and bottomonium has been determined to be higher for the oblate case with respect to the isotropic case.
Contributions of and in the Charmed Three-Body Meson Decays
In this work, we investigate the resonant contributions of and in the three-body within the perturbative QCD approach. The form factor is adopted to describe the nonperturbative dynamics of the S-wave system. The branching ratios of all concerned decays are calculated and predicted to be in the order of to . The ratio of branching fractions between and is predicted to be 0.0552, which implies the discrepancy for the LHCb measurements. We expect that the predictions in this work can be tested by the future experiments, especially, to resolve ratio discrepancy.
Particle Ratios in a Multicomponent Nonideal Hadron Resonance Gas
We have considered formation of a multicomponent nonideal hot and dense gas of hadronic resonances in the ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions. In the statistical thermal model approach, the equation of state (EoS) of the noninteracting ideal hadron resonance gas (IHRG) does not incorporate either the attractive part or the short-range repulsive part of the baryonic interaction. On the other hand, in the nonideal hadron resonance gas (NIHRG) model, we can incorporate these interactions using the van der Waals (VDW) type approach. Studies have been made to see its effect on the critical parameters of the quark-hadron phase transition. However, it can also lead to modifications in the calculated relative particle yields. In this paper, we have attempted to understand the effect of such van der Waals-type interactions on the relative particle yields and also studied their dependences on the system’s thermal parameters, such as the temperature and baryon chemical potential . We have also taken into account the decay contributions of the heavier resonances. These results on particle ratios are compared with the corresponding results obtained from the point-like, i.e., noninteracting IHRG model. It is found that the particle ratios get modified by incorporating the van der Waals-type interactions, especially in a baryon-rich system which is expected to be formed at lower RHIC energies, SPS energies, and in the forthcoming CBM experiments due to high degree of nuclear stopping in these experiments.
Fractional Effective Quark-Antiquark Interaction in Symplectic Quantum Mechanics
Considering the formalism of symplectic quantum mechanics, we investigate a two-dimensional nonrelativistic strong interacting system, describing a bound heavy quark-antiquark state. The potential has a linear component that is analyzed in the context of generalized fractional derivatives. For this purpose, the Schrödinger equation in phase space is solved with the linear potential. The ground state solution is obtained and analyzed through the Wigner function for the meson . One basic and fundamental result is that the fractional quantum phase-space analysis gives rise to the confinement of quarks in the meson, consistent with experimental results.
Schwinger-Type Pair Production in Non-SUSY AdS/CFT
We study pair production of particles in the presence of an external electric field in a large non-supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory using the holographic duality. The dual geometry we consider is asymptotically AdS and is effectively parametrized by two parameters, and , both of which can be related to the effective mass of quark/antiquark for non-supersymmetric theories. We numerically calculate the interquark potential profile and the effective potential to study pair production and analytically find out the threshold electric field beyond which one gets catastrophic pair creation by studying rectangular Wilson loops using the holographic method. We also find out the critical electric field from DBI analysis of a probe brane. Our initial investigations reveal that the critical electric field necessary for spontaneous pair production increases or decreases w.r.t. its non-supersymmetric value depending on the parameter . Ultimately, we find out the pair production rate of particles in the presence of an external electric field by evaluating circular Wilson loops using perturbative methods. From the later investigation, we note the resemblance with our earlier prediction. However, we also see that for and below another certain value of the parameter , the pair production rate of particle/antiparticle pairs blows up as the external electric field is taken to zero. We thus infer that the vacuum of the non-SUSY gauge theory is unstable for a range of non-supersymmetric parameter and that the geometry/non-SUSY field theory under consideration has quite different characteristics than earlier reported.
Improvement of Resolution in Semileptonic Decays Based on Machine Learning
The neutrino closure method is often used to obtain kinematics of semileptonic decays with one unreconstructed particle in hadron collider experiments. The kinematics of decays can be deducted by a twofold ambiguity with a quadratic equation. To resolve the twofold ambiguity, a novel method based on machine learning (ML) is proposed. We study the effect of different sets of features and regressors on the improvement of reconstructed invariant mass squared of system (). The result shows that the best performance is obtained by using the flight vector as the features and the multilayer perceptron (MLP) model as the regressor. Compared with the random choice, the MLP model improves the resolution of reconstructed by ~40%. Furthermore, the possibility of using this method on various semileptonic decays is shown.