Lymphoepithelial Carcinoma Originated from the Sinonasal Cavity: Case Report and Literature ReviewRead the full article
Case Reports in Otolaryngology publishes case reports and case series in all areas of otolaryngology, including head and neck surgery, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, maxillofacial surgery, and pediatric otolaryngology.
Case Reports in Otolaryngology maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study.
Abstracting and Indexing
Latest ArticlesMore articles
Case of IV Stage Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma Presurgically Treated with a Single ECA Stop-Flow Embolization Technique Using Onyx 18
Background. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare tumor that mainly affects young boys. Its intervention may be complex due to its high vascularity, location, and extension. Preoperative embolization is used to prevent intrasurgical and postsurgical bleeding. Two main kinds of embolization are described in literature: intratumoral and transarterial, and numerous embolic materials are used. Case Presentation. We want to present a case of presurgical embolization of a stage IV JNA, performed using a single stop-flow balloon assisted technique with the balloon cuffed exclusively in the external carotid artery and using Onyx 18 as an embolic agent. Conclusions. The embolization with an exclusive external carotid artery single stop-flow technique using Onyx 18 is a safe, effective, and a definitive approach.
A Case of Laryngeal Cryptococcosis that Responded to Itraconazole
Laryngeal cryptococcosis is a rare condition. While there is no reliable evidence regarding the treatment of laryngeal cryptococcosis, oral fluconazole was successful in most previous cases. We experienced a case where we could not continue fluconazole because of adverse drug effects. An 88-year-old female was referred to our department with a 5-month history of sore throat and cough. She had used oral steroids and a corticosteroid inhaler for poorly controlled asthma. Flexible laryngoscopy showed leukoplakia of the vocal cords and subglottic mucosa, and biopsy revealed cryptococcal infection. We started the treatment with fluconazole but changed to itraconazole because of adverse events. Since laryngoscopy performed 6 months later was unremarkable and drug interactions had occurred, we stopped the itraconazole use at 6 months. Our experience suggests that itraconazole is also useful for treating laryngeal cryptococcosis.
The Clinical Impact of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/Receptor (VEGF/R) Inhibitors on Voice
Background. Vascular endothelial growth factor/receptor (VEGF/R) inhibitors are used in chemotherapy protocols to limit tumor angiogenesis. Recent evidence shows they are associated with hoarseness, but their impact on vocal cord function has not been fully identified. Objectives. To describe the preliminary laryngeal findings in patients undergoing chemotherapy with VEGF/R inhibitors, and to describe possible mechanisms of their effect on vocal fold function. Methods. A retrospective case series was conducted in a tertiary medical center between July 2008 and August 2022. Cancer patients developing hoarseness while undergoing chemotherapy with VEGF/R inhibitors underwent videolaryngostroboscopy. Results. The study included four patients. There were three females and one male, treated for breast, lung, and unknown primary cancer, respectively. All 4 patients developed hoarseness 2–7 days after initiating treatment with the VEGF/R inhibitor drugs aflibercept (n = 1) and bevacizumab (n = 3). In all patients, videolaryngostroboscopy revealed vocal fold bowing and pronounced glottic insufficiency. There were no signs of mucositis or paralysis. In three patients, treatment involved speech therapy, with or without vocal fold augmentation. The average follow-up was 10 months (range 8–12 months). In 2 patients, there was a return of normal voice quality with resolution of vocal fold bowing. In one patient, who remained on chemotherapy, there was persistent bowing. Conclusions. VEGF/R inhibitors are associated with vocal fold bowing and glottic insufficiency. This appears to be a reversible side effect. To our knowledge, this is only the second clinical description of the effect of VEGF/R inhibitors on vocal fold function.
Soccer and Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
Introduction. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of vertigo among adults. The etiology of BPPV is unknown in approximately 50 percent of cases. This condition is also termed primary BPPV, if the etiology is unknown, and secondary BPPV if patients have identified predisposing factors. A few studies suggest that there is a correlation between the development of BPPV and specific sports. Case Report. A 19-year-old male presented with recurrent episodes of vertigo during soccer play. Eight months prior to referral, the patient was involved in a car accident with a mild head trauma. The patient was later diagnosed with BPPV several times. Discussion. Soccer might be a plausible BPPV trigger, especially if there is a prehistory of head trauma. This is most likely due to the demands of the game such as the change of directions, repetitive head impacts (headers or head collisions), accelerations/decelerations, jumps, foot landings, and rapid head movements.
Transdural Skull Base Infiltration by Glioblastoma: Case Report and Review of the Literature
We report the rare occurrence of a temporal glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) showing transdural tumor extension into adjacent mastoid cells. As the dura mater provides a barrier to intraaxial tumors, GBM seldom penetrates into the skull base, even though it is a high-grade astrocytoma with a tendency to spread. Yet, some mechanisms of GBM-induced skull invasion have been identified, making this entity a very rare but nonetheless relevant differential diagnosis in otherwise ambiguous cases of an intracerebral tumor extending into the skull base. In addition, imaging markers that may assist in distinguishing extra- from intraaxial tumor infiltration of the temporal bone are described.
A Case of Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) Where a Multicystic Nasal Septal Abscess Aided in the Diagnosis
A 69-year-old male patient presented to the hospital with a chief complaint of nasal obstruction. Physical examination revealed swelling of the anterior nasal septum and nasal dorsum and tender indurated oedema of the dorsum of both hands. Blood tests showed an elevated inflammatory response, and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed a polycystic abscess in the nasal septum. Emergency surgery and histopathology were performed on the day of the initial visit for incisional drainage. Intraoperative findings showed white necrosis between the nasal septal cartilage and nasal septal mucosa, as well as white necrosis and pus accumulation in the periosteum and soft tissue of the piriform aperture and the nasal bone. The patient underwent endoscopic dissection and drained as much as possible, and the abscess and surrounding normal nasal septal mucosa were sampled for diagnostic purposes. The patient was diagnosed with vasculitis based on the clinical findings, pathological examination results, and blood test results. After the diagnosis was confirmed, steroid and cyclophosphamide pulse administration was initiated, and the swelling of the anterior nasal septum and nasal dorsum and the bilateral dorsal indentation oedema improved markedly. The patient is now doing well and will continue to be carefully monitored in the outpatient clinic.